THE OVERTHROW OF CZARISM
Russian Soviet Government
Tms is the first time the scientific history of a great event has been wntten by a man who played a dominant part in it. It is the first time a revolution was ever retraced and explained by one of its leaders. As the author has chosen to write the book objectively, speaking of himself in the third person, and not dwelling upon his own acts or experiences except as they are recorded by others, it seems fair to give the reader some preliminary glimpse of him and the part he played. In the Complete Works of Lenin, the first great publishing enterprise undertaken by the Russian Soviet Government after the revolution, there was included a brief biographical sketch of all the important revolutionists mentioned by Lenin. This glossary was prepared by the official historians of the Bolshevik Party under the editorship of Kamenev, one of the leading members of its Central Committee. The paragraph dealing with Leon Trotsky reads as follows: "L. D. Trotsky was born in 1881 (1879-Ed.). Organised workmen's circles in Nikolaev, was exiled to Siberia in 1898, soon escaped and going abroad collaborated on ls/era (the paper edited by Lenin and others in London-Ed.). He attended the Second Congress of the party as a delegate from the Siberian Union. After the split in the Party, he joined the M:ensheviks. Before the Revolution of 1905 Jie advanced bis own unique and now especially celebrated theory of Permanent Revolution, asserting thf t the bourgeois revolution of 1905 would pass over directly into a Socialist revolution, which would prove the tJrst of a series of national revolutions. He defended this theory in the paper N achalo, the central organ of the M:enshevik faction, published in Petersburg from November to December, 1905. After the arrest of Khrystalev-Nosar, Trotsky was elected president of the first Petersburg Soviet of Workers' Deputies. Arrested together with its executive committee on December 3, 1905, and e:xiled for life to the penal colony at Obdersk, he escaped on the way there and went abroad.
L. D. Trotsky, THE OVERTHROW OF CZARISM